Ferns are the foliage plants for every garden or landscape. The Victorians had an all-consuming passion for ferns and established a fashion for ferneries, some of which still survive today. Ferns are among the oldest plants on earth; they are considered primitive plants and are only a few rings above mosses on the evolutionary scale.
The ideal position for most ferns is a shady, moist yet well-drained site, that is out of the wind. They are, in the main, plants that prefer alkaline soils, or are totally indifferent to all but extreme pH. Deciduous ferns should be cut back in the Winter, whereas evergreen varieties are best cut back just as the new fronds begin to show, in the Spring.
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