Planting Advice Step-by-Step
Soil Conditions for Planting
At the time of planting the soil should be moist and friable and not
frozen, excessively dry, or water-logged.Planting Requirements
The excavated hole should be of sufficient size to accommodate the
spread of roots and the stock should be planted so that after any
settlement it is at the same depth as it was grown on the nursery. If
the sides of the planting hole become smeared during digging,
particularly on heavy clay soils, the smearing should be broken up
Stabilising Support and Protection
Most plants above 1m high will need a support to hold them secure at
ground level either by stakes or by cables for very large stock. Stakes
or stout canes should be inserted before planting.
Plants should be held secure against the stake by the use of a
proprietary tie, or similar method, ensuring that the stem does not
chafe against the stake and there is space for stem expansion. Short
stakes to hold the base of the stem are preferable but individual guards
or shelters may be needed to protect against physical damage by
vandals, cattle or rabbits, mowers or strimmers.
Treatment of Plants immediately Prior to Planting
Bare Root Plants should be kept in polythene bags until immediately
before planting. They should be kept out of direct sunlight. Similarly
all containers and wrapping, unless fully bio-degradable, should be
removed at the latest point before planting.
The backfill (excavated soil, fertilizer and organic compost mix) should
then be returned to the hole and gently firmed around the root system.
Gentle but firm pressure can be applied to the backfill material around
the plant by boot heels or by treading, but the soil must not be
Each plant must then be well watered at least one watering can of water
per plant, apply slowly to allow the water to soak in and not just run
off. We recommend that all plants are then mulched with either bark
mulch or another organic material. Remember to check the plant regularly
and water as required, especially in the summer months.